let’s start personal protective equipment in PPE topics
- Suitable personal protective equipment (PPE) and protective clothing should be provided and maintained by the employer. Where adequate protection is required against exposure to hazardous and their control at the source. personal protective equipment in PPE
- A competent person has a full understanding of the nature of the hazard and the type, range, and performance of the protection required should select suitable items of PPE and protective clothing and arrange that PPE is properly stored, maintained, cleaned, examined. Employers should provide the workers with the appropriate instructions and way to allow them to use, maintain, and store PPE and protective clothing properly. on the other hand; Workers have the following responsibility to be followed :
- make proper use of and to take good care of PPE and protective clothing provided for their use;
- use the PPE throughout the time they are exposed to that risk that requires its use.
- PPE should comply with standards set by the competent authority, or recognized by national or international bodies. PPE selection should take ergonomic principles into account, and be provided by following below requirements:
- without cost to the workers ;
- having regard to the type of work and its related risks ;
- in discussions with workers and their representatives.
- PPE, which may be contaminated by materials hazardous to health, should not be washed, cleaned pr kept at workers’ homes.
- Accommodation for clothing should be provided when protective clothing is required to be used.
- changing facilities should be so situated and designed to prevent the spread of contamination
- proper maintenance and use of PPE, including appropriate behavior of the user
- PPE itself may produce uncomfortable, unhealthy or unsafe working conditions ;
- only the user is protected, while others coming into the environment continue to be exposed ;
- PPE can provide a false sense of security, in particular when it is not properly used
- PPE may introduce additional hazards to the workforce.
Following are some general types of PPE :
-  Head protection
-  Face and eye protection
-  Hand and foot protection
-  Respiratory protective equipment
-  Hearing protection
Head protection :
- Safety helmets or hard hats to protect the head from injury due to falling or flying objects, or due to striking against objects or structures. Helmets should be wear by all persons, at all times. Helmets should be wear by all persons, at all times while in the shipbreaking facility. it may be necessary to use different types of helmets on particular activities
- In general, the shell of a helmet should be of one-piece construction, with an adjustable cradle an inside to support the helmet on the wearers head and, where appropriate, a chinstrap to prevent the helmets from falling off. The cradle and chinstrap should be properly adjusted as soon as the helmet is put on to ensure a comfortable fit.
Face and eye protection :
- clear or colored goggles, a screen, a face shield, or other suitable devices should be worn when it is likely exposure to the eye or face injury from airborne dust or flying particles, dangerous substances, harmful heat, light, or other radiation. it must be used during welding, flame-cutting, rock drilling, concrete mixing, or other hazardous work.
- face and eye protectors are available in a wide variety of designs. careful consideration should be given to the respective hazard to ensure the selection of the appropriate protector. ordinary prescription goggles, unless a manufactured to a safety standard.
Hand and foot protection :
- Protective gloves or gauntlets, appropriate barrier creams, and suitable protective clothing to protect hands or the whole body, as required, should be worn when exposed to heat radiation or while handling hot, hazardous, or other substances which might cause injury to the skin.
- gloves should give protection from the particular hazard of the work being carried out and must be appropriate to that type of work.
- leather gloves are generally better for handling rough or sharp objects
- heat-resistant glove for handling hot objects, and rubber, synthetic or PVC gloves handling acids, alkalis, various types of oil, solvents, and chemicals.
- Footwear of an appropriate type should be employed in workplaces where there are chances of injury from falling or crushing or crushing objects, hot or hazardous substances, sharp-edged tools or nails, and slippery wet surfaces. Appropriate safety footwear, such as shoes and boots should have firm, slip-resistant soles. sandals and similar footwear should not be allowed.
Respiratory protective equipment :
- Respiratory protective equipment, suitable for the particular environment, should be used when workers cannot be protected against airborne dust, fumes, vapors, or gases by ventilation or other means. Appropriate respiratory protective equipment should be provided for work in conditions where there is a risk of a low level of oxygen or exposure to poisonous, dangerous or irritating fumes, dust, or gases.
- The selection of correct equipment is essential. Since the face-pipe incorporated in respirators and breathing apparatus must be fitted correctly to prevent leakage.
- workers who by the nature of their duties are exposed to high levels of noise should be provided with and should wear ear protectors.
- various types of hearing protectors are available, including earplugs and earmuffs ( PROVIDE THE MOST EFFECTIVE PROTECTION ), each of which may be of different design standards. protectors should be of a type recommended as suitable for the particular circumstances and climatic conditions. hearing protectors should be made available at the entrance to the noisy space. read more…